Lofty Principles of Dream-Interpretation

(C^en S^i-yuan : Encyclopaedia of Dreams)

Wandering Spirits, Part II (= Outer Chapters), 12

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pp. 191-207 – II.12 "Gods & Strange Things".

pp. 194-195, nn. 1, 5 (partially) bestial deities

p.

n.

dream

source

194

1

"Yao ... dreamt ... that the White Emperor bestowed upon him a child with a small mouth. This child was Gao Tao. His mother said, "... I climbed up a tall hill and sacrificed to the White Emperor. Above me appeared a cloud shaped like a tiger.""

A Profusion of Primal Qi

195

5

"The Duke of Guo dreamt that someone with a human face, white hair, and tiger’s claws was holding an execution axe and standing in the western corner. ... this was Rushou".

Conversations from the Feudal States

pp. 194, 198, n. 3, 27 bestowals

p.

n.

dream

source

194

3

"Emperor Taizu of Ming dreamt of a vermillion terrace in the northwest sky with balustrades on all four sides ... . ... In the middle stood ... the Three Purities of Daoism. Many purple-robed transcendents bestowed a crimson robe on him. ... the lining was multicolored ... . ... "This is the robe of the Perfected Gentlemen of Literary Culture. ...""

Collected Policies and Achievements

198

27

Ciao C^i-z^on "dreamt that a god bestowed upon him the title of commandant of cavalry. The next day, ... while ... laughing, he died."

History of the Son Dynasty

pp. 194, 203, 205, nn. 4, 59, 70 horses

p.

n.

dream

source

194

4

"the future Emperor Chengzu of the Ming dreamt that ... a stalwart man with a fine beard ... was riding a white horse ... from the northwest."

Compraehensive Annals of the Min Dynasty

203

59

Emperor Gao-zon of the Southern Son was guided by a white horse to a temple. "He dreamt that Cui struck the ground with his staff ... . The white horse led him further to Crooked Bridge Valley".

Gazetter of Han-z^ou

pp. 195, 198, nn. 7, 30 immolations of animals (in response to dreams)

p.

n.

dream

source

195

7

"The First Emperor of Qin dreamt that he was battling the God of the Sea, who resembled a human. ... The emperor then ordered ... a large fish ... set up as bait. He personally ... shot it."

Historical Records

198

30

"During the time of Emperor Ming of the Jin dynasty, someone who was going to present a horse to the emperor dreamt that the God of the Yellow river requested it. ... it turned out that his dream was the same as the emperor’s. The horse was promptly cast into the river as an offering to the god."

Kon Yue : Accounts of Anomalies

pp. 195, 198, 204-206, nn. 9, 32, 67-68, 77 golden deities; gold of the deities

p.

n.

dream

source

195

9

"Liu Yao dreamt ... of three men with gold faces and cinnabar lips who were facing eastward ... . ... "Three represents the total number of the ancient dynastic calendar systems.""

History of the Jin Dynasty

198

32

"Shi Pu ... dreamt that a god in a vermillion robe bearing jade tablets descended from heaven. Written in gold on the tablets were [the duration of the C^en dynasty]. ... the Last Ruler of the Chen dynasty surrendered to the Sui dynasty".

Accounts of Unique and Strange Things

204

67

Prince Ron of Southern Son "dreamt that a god in purple robes and a golden hat came to call on him."

History of the Son Dynasty

205

68

Bei-duan-c^a-er’s mother A-lan-guo-huo "dreamt that a white light ... changed into a golden god who rushed over to lay down with her in her bed."

History of the Yuan Dynasty

206

77

"The mother of Fan Zuyu dreamt that a man wearing golden armor came into her bedroom."

Biographies of the Fan Family

p. 196, 205, nn. 12-13, 15-17, 70 changes of name (in accordance with dreams)

p.

n.

dream

source

196

12

Z^an C^an’s "father dreamt that a god wrote a large graph, chan [to elucidate], and said, "Give your son this name.""

History of the Son Dynasty

 

13

Yin [‘worshipping with reverence’] "dreamt that a god had a register of names written in gold that contained Zhao Gai, so he subsequently changed his name to Gai [wooden grain leveler]."

" " "

 

15

Z^i-gon [‘upholding courtesy’] "dreamt that the government building in Cangzhou all had the graph quan [power] written on them, so he changed his personal name to Quan in response."

Old History of the Tan Dynasty

 

16

Li [‘erect’] "dreamt that someone called out, "Qin Yan! Follow me out of here!" When he waoke, he ... then changed his name to Yan [man of talent and virtue]."

Biography of Bao Pian

 

17

Xi "dreamt that he went to the government office and saw Ying Shu. When he awoke, he changed his name to Ying-shu."

History of the Son Dynasty

205

70

Liu Yin’s father "Liu Shu ... dreamt that a god on horseback brought a boy to his house .and told him, "Bring him up well.". As soon as Liu awoke, a son was born whom he called Yin [piebald]. Later, Liu Yin changed his ... courtesy name" to Min-ji [‘auspicious dream’].

History of the Yuan Dynasty

pp. 196, 205-206, nn. 18, 75-76 mountain-deities render blessings

p.

n.

dream

source

196

18

"Xie Fu ... dreamt that the god of the mountain said to him, "I shall help you ... ." In the morning, he saw that under the bed of his host was a stone of an unusual color."

Kon Lin-fu : A Record of Gui-ji

205

75

"A neighbor had dreamt that the God of the Southern Marchmount had descended into Zhao Fang’s house".

History of the Son Dynasty

206

"

Yan Wen-z^on "dreamt that a Daoist ... announced, "The Perfected Gentleman of the Southern Marchmount has come to visit you!"

History of the Yuan Dynasty

 

76

"Ni Yue’s mother. Mistree Yao, dreamt that a divinity in a scarlet robe entered her chamber. When she awoke, she gave birth to a son and considered that shw had been stirred by the God of the Northern Marchmount."

Collected Trifles from the Studio of Honesty

pp. 196, 202-203, nn. 19, 57-58, 60 requaests (in dreams) that temples be [re-]constructed

p.

n.

dream

source

196

19

"Both the emperor and Xi dreamt of the God of Mount Suling. Later, Guangwu enfeoffed Xi as marquis of Xiangyang and had him construct a temple to the God of Mount Suling. Two stone deer were carved".

History of the Eastern Han Dynasty

202

57

"Emperor Huan of the Eastern Han ... dreamt ... that he met Laozi and consequently ordered that a Laozi Temple be built."

Biographies of Exalted Recluses

 

58

"when Sun Hao, the king of Wu, was ill, he dreamt that a god descended into his room and ... asked that a temple be established to him by the salt pond at Golden Mountain in order to control floods."

Gazetter of Han-z^ou

203

60

"at Jingkou was the temple to Deng Ai, which had long fallen into disrepair. ... Sima Kuo, Prince Qiao of the Jin dynasty, ... dreamt of someone who identified himself as Mr. Deng and who requested that his house be repaired."

A Garden of Strange Events

pp. 197, 199, nn. 20, 37 (dreams relating to) stars

p.

n.

dream

source

197

20

"Xu You dreamt of an emissary dressed in black who presented him with six documents and said, "Your Excellency will become Lord of the Northern Dipper and Chen Kangbo will be assistant magistrate." ... The following year, they both died on the same day."

A Record of Ghosts and the Living

199

37

"Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang [r. 712-756] dreamt that twnty-seven transcendents said to him, "We are the twenty-eight asterisms. One of us is stationed on duty in the human world. We have been staying beneath Luo ... ." The emperor awoke ... . In Luozhou District of Ningzhou they found a cave with twenty-seven stone statues."

Stories of Encounters with Divine Transcendents

p. 197, nn. 22-23 (dreams by men of) sexual relations with goddesses

n.

dream

source

22

King Huai of C^u "dreamt of a woman who said, "I am the daughter of Shaman Mountain and am at the service of guests at Gaotang. ... I wish to share my bed and pillow with you." The king favored her."

Son Yu : Praeface to Rhapsody on Gao-tan Shrine

23

"Houji dreamt that he had sexual relations with the Nymph of the Luo River."

Liu-c^i Dui-z^u

pp. 197, 200-201, 205, nn. 24-25, 42, 47, 69 aged, white-haired persons

p.

n.

dream

source

197

24

Tian Qian-qiu "dreamt that a white-haired old man ... told ... to speak out."

History of the Western Han Dynasty

 

25

Liu Lin-z^e "dreamt that an old man dressed in yellow said, "You should fetch bamboo shoots from South Mountain ... .""

History of the Southern Qi Dynasty

200

42

"Emperor Gaozu of the Northern Wei dreamt ... of an old man with white hair and whiskers who ... bowed down to him along the left side of the road."

History of the Northern Wei Dynasty

201

47

"Zhang Jun, King Wen of the Former Liang Dynasty, dreamt of someone with white hair on his temples and white eyebrows who identified himself as Ziyu ... and said, "Affairs on earth are entrusted to your authority while affairs in the underworld are under mine.""

A Record of Dun-huan

205

69

Mistress Yin, the mother of Tuoba Rui, ... dreamt ... of an old man wearing a formal cap and gown".

History of the Northern Wei Dynasty

pp. 198, 203 nn. 28, 61 esoteric information is imparted by a deity (in a dream)

p.

n.

dream

source

198

28

"Cui Hao ... stated, "... I ... dreamt ... and subsequently obtained important calculation techniques from the Duke of Zhou and Confucius.""

History of the Sui Dynasty

203

61

Lu: Men "dreamt that he was discussing the trigrams and hexagrams with Fuxi, the Duke of Zhou, and King Wen."

Wan Zi-nian’s Recovered Records

p. 198 , nn. 31, 33 huge deities

n.

dream

source

31

"Huan Huo saw a man more than ten feet tall ... . He dreamt that the man said, "I am the god of Dragon Mountain"".

Investigations of Strange Events

33

"Ziying, the King of Qin, ... dreamt of a god one hundred feet tall with magnificent hair. He was wearing jade slippers and riding in a cinnabar carriage pulled by vermillion horses."

Wan Zi-nian’s Recovered Records

pp. 198-199, nn. 34-35 goddesses emerging from dreams appear in the waking world

p.

n.

dream

source

198

34

"Zhao Xu of Tianshui ... dreamt of a girl dressed in green who was smiling seductively at him through the window. He continued to see her even after he awoke. ... Suddenly, he heard laughter from outside the window. ... Then, she said, "I am the Green Maiden of the Upper Realm.""

A Record of Communications with the Other World

199

35

"During the Jiaping era [249-253], he [Xian C^ao] dreamt ... of a goddess who followed him and became his wife. She called herself "Jade Maiden of Heaven." ... the Supreme God of Heaven ... ordered that she descend into the human world and marry."

Collected Records of Transcendents

p. 199, 205, nn. 36, 71 divine music

p.

n.

dream

source

199

36

"Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang [r. 712-756] dreamt that more than ten transcendents descended on auspicious clouds ... . Each played a musical instrument ... . "... It is the Purple Cloud Music of Divine Transcendents."" {cf. music of the Caran.a deities}

Records from the Grand Hall

205

71

vide II.7, n. 17 ["The mother of Gao Lin ... dreamt ..., "... the vigorous essence of a chime-stone that appears to float in the water"". (p. 124)]

History of the Northern Zhou Dynasty

pp. 199-202, nn. 38-39, 41, 48, 52-53 the dead tell of their death

p.

n.

dream

source

199

38

"Fu Yao appeared to Lu: Guang in a dream ... . ... Lu: suddenly awakened, but he could still seeFu Yao, whose image only disappeared after a lone while. He sent someone to recover the body, and it was just as in the dream."

History of the Jin Dynasty

 

39

Fan S^i "dreamt that Zhang appeared to him ... saying, "I have died and will be buried ... to proceed to the Yellow Springs"".

History of the Eastern Han Dynasty

200

45

"Yu Ji ... dreamt that Chen toasted him, saying, "... we will no longer be able to meet." Not long afterward, Yu learned that Chen had died".

History of the Yuan Dynasty

201

48

"Cao Mo ... dreamt ... that Zhang told him, "I ... died on such-and-such a day." ... Zhang had indeed died."

A Record of Ghosts and the Living

 

50

Wan Fen-xian’s "son had died, and Wang dreamt that he had converse with him in a dream ... . Wang asked if it were possible to travel from the other world, and his child replied, "On such-a[nd]-such a day, I will come home to visit the maidservant.""

" " "

 

51

"Lu Xiufu dreamt that ... behind a screen, he ... spoke to Wang, who ... said, "I ... grew sick of the human world." Lu awoke. ... After seven days an obituary notice arrived indicating that Wang had died on the very day that Lu had had the dream."

Miscellaneous Morsels from You-yan

202

52

"Mistress Chen ... dreamt that Yuanchong had returned. He informed her of the death of his father and provided her with the facts of how he himself had been killed."

Tai-pin Miscellany

 

53

"Zheng Chu ... dreamt that Lu appeared ... to make an accusation that he had been killed".

" "

pp. 203-205, 207, nn. 63, 66, 72, 79 praeternatural writings, writing in dreams

p.

n.

dream

source

203

63

"Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang [r. 712-756] ... dreamt ... an imperial commissioner ... to the summit of Mount Emei. Before he had reached halfway up the mountain, the commissioner saw an old man in a turban ..., attended by two boys in green clothes. The old man pointed to a flat stone ... . On the stone the commissioner observed more than one hundred vermillion graphs that disappeared as soon as he transcribed them. In an instant, ... everything suddenly vanished."

Bo & Kon’s Encyclopaedia

204

66

"Huang Ze ... dreamt that Confucius gave him the Six Classics, which he had personally edited. The graphs seemed as if they had been newly written."

History of the Yuan Dynasty

 

"

"Qi Jixuan ... dreamt that ... he had made ... broad commentaries" "to the Six Classics in which he often expressed his own ideas.".

A Summary of the Canons of the 3 Kingdoms

205

72

Liu Jun’s "father was moved by a strange dream in which the graph jun [extraordinary] was written."

Annals of C^u

207

79

Son Si "dreamt that a Daoist priest gave him a book ... . When he looked at it, he saw that it was the Younger Dai’s Book of Ritual. ... . ... the Perfected Lord Xu ... was exactly ... the person he encountered in his dream."

History of the Son Dynasty

p. 204, nn. 64, 66 dreams about being in temples

n.

dream

source

64

"Emperor Wu of the Western Han dreamt that Emperor Gaozu was in the Hall of Light, and all the officials also had this dream."

Praecedents of Emperor Wu of the Western Han

66

Z^an Z^i-c^un "dreamt that he was visiting the Confucian Temple and that a fine fruit was bestowed upon him."

History of the Yuan Dynasty

pp. 204-205, nn. 65, 74 dreams concerning providing burial for corpses

p.

n.

dream

source

204

65

"Huang Fan dreamt that a corpse floating on the sea said to him, "... I beseech you for a proper burial.""

A Record of Manifold Things

205

74

"both her parents had died and ... she had sold herself to become a concubine in order to provide them with funerals."

History of the Son Dynasty

p. 207, nn. 80-81 praeternatural bodily features derived from dreaming

n.

dream

source

80

"When Yang Yi was about to be born, Yang Wenyi dreamt that ... the "Mountain Dweller with a Heart of Jade" came to visit him. ... Yang Yi ... had feathers more than a foot long that covered his entire body." [This was crane-plumage.]

History of the Son Dynasty

81

When "Xue Xuan ... was born, his flesh was like crystal, revealing all his five zang-organs."

Annals of C^u

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Richard E. Strassberg (transl.) : Wandering Spirits : Chen Shiyuan’s Encyclopedia of Dreams. U of CA Pr, Berkeley, 2008.