Liber Novus, I.5-8



Descent into Hell in the Future



[With this chapter commence accounts of the dreams proper of C. G. Jung.]

[A dream by C. G. Jung, Dec 1913.]

p. 237b falling into madness; the dark cave & its red sun

"In the following night, the air was filled with many voices. ...

A loud voice called, "I am falling." ... Do you want me to leave myself ... to the madness ...? ... W[h]ither? You fall, and I want to fall with you, whoever you are.

{cf., e.g., Lewis Carroll’s Alice’s falling down the rabbit-hole

The spirit of the depths opened my eyes and I caught a glimpse of the inner things, the world of my soul, the many-formed and changing.

into Wonderland.}

I see a gray rock face along which I sink into the great depths. [fn. 82 : "The Draft continues : "A dwarf {was this a kobold/gnome?} clad entirely in leather stood before it, minding the entrance" (p. 48)."] I stand ... in a dark cave. ... I crawl through a narrow crack in the rock and reach an inner cave whose bottom is covered with

black water. ...

{"Black waters" are Taoist and Bon.}

But beyond this I catch a glimpse of a luminous red stone ... . I wade through the ... water.

[fn. 83 : "The Corrected Draft has : "It is a six-sided crystal that gives off a cold, reddish light (p. 35). Albrecht Dieterich refers to the representation of the underworld in Aristophanes’ The Frogs (which he understood to be Orphic origin) as having a large lake (Nekyia ... [Leipzig : Teubner, 1893]. p. 71)."]

The cave is full of the frightful noise of shrieking voices. I take the stone, it covers a dark opening in the rock. ... I place my ear to the opening. I hear the flow of underground waters.

I see the bloody head of a man on the dark stream. ...

{Orpheus : "His head they threw into the river ..., but it floated" (GM 28.d).}

I see a large black scarab floating past on the dark stream. In the deepest depths of stream shines a red sun, radiating through the dark water.

There I see – and a terror strikes me – small serpents on the dark rock walls, striving toward the depths, where the sun shines."

{The water-snake god <PP (Apophis) pursueth the barque of the Sun-god through the river of the Netherworld.}

p. 238a the 1000 lions

"My knowledge has a thousand voices, an army roaring like lions; the air trembles when they speak, and I am their defenseless sacrifice. Keep it far from me, science that clever knower, that bad prison master who binds the soul and imprisons it in a lightless cell. ... Let me persist in divine astonishment, so that I am ready to behold your [spirit-of-the-depths’s] wonders.

Let me lay my head on a stone before your door, so that I am prepared to receive your light."

{as Ya<qob lay his head on a stone-pillow at Luz/Bet->el (B-Re>s^it 28:11)}

pp. 238-9 the desert bloometh : divine madness inspired by the spirit-of-the-depths

p. 238a

"When the desert begins to bloom, it brings forth strange plants. You will consider yourself mad, and ["Madness grows" (p. 38 of the Corrected Draft) {like unto how a strange plant groweth}]. ... the Christianity of the time lacks madness, it lacks divine life. Take note of what the ancients taught us ... : madness is divine."

p. 238, fn. 89

"Its locus classicus was Socrates’ discussion of it in the Phaedrus : madness, "... comes as a gift of heaven, is the channel by which we receive the greatest blessings" (Plato, Phaedrus and Letters VII and VIII, tr. W. Hamilton ..., p. 46, line 244). Socrates distinguished four types of divine madness :

(1) inspired divination, such as by the prophetess at Delphi;

(2) instances in which individuals ... have prophesied;

(3) possession by the Muses, since ... untouched by the madness of the Muses will never be a good poet; and

(4) the lover. ...

Erasmus’s discussion is particularly important ... : "... the soul ... when it bursts its chains ... to be free, practicing running away from its prison, then ... men of this kind ... we find foretelling things to come, knowing tongues and writings which they had never studied beforehand – altogether showing forth something divine" (In Praise of Folly, tr. M. A. Screetch ..., pp. 128-29)."

p. 238b

"But know that there is a divine madness which is nothing other than the overpowering of the spirit of this time through the spirit of the depths. Speak then of ... when the spirit of the depths can no longer stay down and forces a man to speak in tongues {of angels} instead of in human speech".

"precisely what happened to me on this night had to happen to me, namely that the spirit of the depths erupted with force, and swept away the spirit of this time with a powerful wave. But the spirit of the depths had gained this power, because I had spoken to my soul during 25 nights in the desert and I had given her all my love and submission ... . ...

But who can withstand fear when the divine intoxication and madness comes to him? Love, soul, and God are beautiful and terrible. ... If the spirit of the depths seizes you, you ... will cry out in torment. ... You are right to fear the spirit of the depths, as he is full of horror."

p. 238, fn. 91

"The Draft continues : "The spirit of the depths was so alien to me that it took twenty-five nights to comprehend him. And even then he was still so alien that I could neither see nor ask. He had to come to me as a stranger from far away and from an unheard-of side. He had to call me. I could not address him, knowing him and

p. 239, fn. 91

his nature. He announced himself with a loud voice ... . The spirit of this time arose ... against this stranger ... together with his many serfs. ... Then the spirit of the depths burst forth and led me to the site of the innermost. But he had reduced the spirit of this time to a dwarf ... . And the vision showed me

" " " "

the spirit of this time as made of leather, that is, pressed together, sere and lifeless."

{cf., e.g., a Bon goddess having "faces of leather" (BT, p. 90, #55)}

" " " "

He could not prevent he from entering the dark underworld of the spirit of the depths. ... The mystery of the red shining crystal was my next destination" (pp. 54-55)."

BT = Per Kvaerne : The Bon Religion of Tibet. 1995.

p. 239a the red crystal & the night-Sun

"from the red light of the crystal ..., there lay ... uncovered before me : in the depths of what is to come ... . The blond hero lay slain.

The black beetle ... is necessary for renewal; and so thereafter, a new sun glowed., the sun of the depths, full of riddles, a sun of the night.

{The scarab-beetle-god H^PR is depicted impelling the sun over the horizon in order to create the dawn.}

And ... the sun of the depths quickened the dead".

iii(v)-iv(r) p. 239a significance of events generally


"But whoever looks from inside, knows that everything is new. ...

{"And I saw (Apokalupsis of Ioannes 21:1) : "Behold, I make all things new." (ibid. 21:5)}


Events have no [intrinsic] meaning. ... .


... the supreme meaning ... is not in events, and not in the soul, but is the God standing between events and the soul, the mediator of life, the way, the bridge and the going across."

p. 239 the sacrificer & the sacrificed

p. 239a

"I myself am ... sacrificer and sacrificed."

p. 239, fn. 93

"In "Transformation symbolism in the mass," (1942), Jung commented on the motif of the identity of the sacrificer and the sacrificed, with particular reference to the visions of Zosimos of Panapolis, a natural philosopher and alchemist of the third century. Jung noted :

" " " "

"What I sacrifice is my egotistic claim,

{The "egotistic claim" to be sacrificed is any claim to authorship of any literature; for the writing is not a product of any "ego", but is an other-authored revelation from deities.}

" " " "

and by doing this I give up myself. ..." (CW 11, @397). Cf. also the Katha Upanishad, ch. 2, verse 19."

pp. 239-40 benefits to be accrued by the slaying of the "hero" within one’s self

p. 239b

"They should sacrifice the hero in themselves ... . ... If the hero in you is slain, then the sun of the depths arises in you, glowing from afar, and from a dreadful place. ... everything that up till now seemed to be dead in you will come to life, and will change into poisonous serpents that will cover the sun, and you will fall into night ... in this frightful struggle. Your shock ... will be great, but from such torment the new life will be born. ... Your darkness, which you did not suspect since it was dead, will come to life and you will feel the ... life ... now ... buried in the matter of your body."

p. 240a

"I would like you to see what the murdered hero means. ... Through the murder of princes we will learn ... the prince in us, the hero ... . ... But we must recognize what is ... your prince ... . But our ruler is the spirit of this time ... . ... [fn. 100 : "The Draft continues : "... the spirits of the depths sent me nameless thoughts and visions, that wiped out the heroic aspiration in me as our time understands it" (p. 62)."] ... But the nameless spirit of the depths evokes everything that man cannot. ... If all heroism is erased, ... we ... will fall into ... our underworld, among the rubble of all the centuries in us." [fn. 101 : "The Draft continues : "Everything that we have forgotten will be revived ..." (p. 64)."]

p. 240, fn. 102

"1917, there was a discussion ... following a presentation by Jules Vodoz on the Song of Roland. Jung argued that "... In detail, the authoritarian principle ... clashes with the emotional principle. The collective unconscious enters into allegiance with the emotional." Concerning the hero, he said : "The hero ... should fall. All heroes ... lose their footing.""



Splitting of the Spirit



[A dream by C. G. Jung, Dec 1913.]

iv(r) pp. 240-1 divine denizens of the desert in the Otherworld

p. 240b

"On this desert path there is not just glowing sand, but also horrible tangled invisible beings who live in the desert. ... .

{In the Zaratustrian description of the travels of the soul of the dead, the scenery wherethrough the soul must walk is a desert, but populated with monsters.}


... the desert is ... inhabited by magical beings who ... attach themselves to me and daimonically change my form. ... I have become a monstrous animal form for which I have changed my humanity."

{Shapeshifting of one’s dream-body is a commonplace practice of Siberian shamanry.}

p. 241a

"spider-legged monsters" [apparently identical with the "tangled invisible beings"on p. 240b]

{Kalakan~ja spider-deities (CDH, p. 17)}

CDH = Maurice Bloomfield : Cerberus, the Dog of Hades. Chicago : Open Court Publ Co, 1905.

p. 241a the guardian-spirit imparteth thoughts to the shaman

"My soul : "Who gives you thought and words? ... Are you not my ... recipient ...? ... Don’t you know yet that it comes from me and belongs to me?"" {the suspicion of thoughts’ having been inserted into one’s mind by another entity, is hereby confirmed}

iv(r-v) p. 241 becoming a beast in order to be shot [: this a praesumably a peculiar sort of shamanic dream]


p. 241a

"I find myself again on the desert path. ... There lurk ... shooters of poison darts. ... . ... a nameless one appeared and leveled the murder weapon ... .

{God Prajapati became an antelope or stag (MS 4:2:12 – PS`, p. 6) in order to be shot by the archer-god Rudra (S`B 1:7:4 –PS`, p. 31).} {The "poison darts", howbeit, may be Indonesian.}


p. 241b

I felt myself transformed into a rapacious beast. ...


My soul appeared to me to be hollow, tasteless and meaningless. ...

{This may be goddess Vac/ in the myth about Prajapati and S`arva/Rudra.}



The deadly arrow was stuck in my heart, and I did not know what it meant."

MS = Maitrayan.i Samhita of the Kr.s.n.a Yajus Veda

PS` = Stella Kramrisch : The Presence of S`iva. Princeton U Pr, 1981.

S`B = S`atapatha Brahman.a

p. 241b a sick god

"The God becomes sick if he oversteps the height of the zenith. That is why the spirit of the depths took me when the spirit of this time had led me to the summit."



Murder of the Hero



[A dream by C. G. Jung, Dec 1913.]

pp. 241-2 the slaying of Sigfrid perpetrated in a dream ["a frightful dream" (p. 241, fn. 112) in Dec 1913]

p. 241b

"Siegfried’s horn resounded over the mountains ... . ... Then we saw him coming high across the mountains on a chariot made of the bones of the dead. ... As he came around

p. 242a

the turn ahead of us, we fired at the same time and he fell slain. Thereupon I turned to flee, and a terrible rain swept down." [fn. 115 : "I had killed ..., helped on to the deed by ... the little brown man with me. ... The rain that fell ... expiated".]

p. 242b

"Siegfried, blond and blue-eyed, the German hero, had to fall by my hand". [fn. 123 : "To Aniela Jaffe`, he recounted that he had thought of himself as ... overcoming ... the Siegfried line. ... (... Memories, p. 204). The original Siegfried line was a defensive line established by the Germans in northern France" during the Great War.]

p. 242 aura visible in a dream ["A second dream" (fn. 116) on the same night]

p. 242a

"I saw a merry garden, in which forms walked .., all covered in colored light, some reddish, the others blueish and greenish."

p. 242, fn. 117

"The unconscious reached beyond one, like a saint’s halo. ... the light-colored sphere ... surrounded the people. ... this was a vision of the beyond, where men are complete."



The Conception of the God



[A dream by C. G. Jung, Dec 1913.]

iv(v)-v(r) p. 243a the spirit of the depths laudeth prophetically the wondrous divine founder of the future world-order


"the spirit of the depths suddenly erupted. He filled me with intoxication and mist and spoke these words with a powerful voice :

"I have received your sprout, you who are to come!

I have received ... in deepest need and lowliness ... your wondrous child, the child of one who is to come, who should announce the father, a fruit that is older than the tree on which it grew. ... Our eyes were blinded ... when we received your radiance.

You new spark of an eternal fire, into which night were you born?

You will wring truthful prayers from your believers, and they must speak of your glory in tongues that are atrocious to them. ...

Your realm will be touched by the hands of those who also worshiped before the most profound ..., and whose longing drove them through ... .

You will give your gifts to those who pray to you in terror ..., and


your light will shine upon those whose knees must bend before you ... .

{cf. "at the name of Jesus, every knee should bow" (Philippians 2:10).}


Your life is with he [him] who has overcome himself


and who has [on account of humility] disowned his self-overcoming. ...

These, Oh [O!] child of what is to come, are the wonders that will bear testimony that you are a veritable God."

pp. 243, 244 the apparitional child-deity

p. 243b

"When my prince had fallen, the spirit of the depths opened my vision and let me become aware of the birth of the new God. The divine child approached me out of the terrible ambiguity, ... the laughable-serious, the sick-healthy, the inhuman[="beast" on p. 241b]-human and the ungodly[viz., non-Christian]-godly. I understood that the God whom we seek in the absolute was not to be found in absolute ... seriousness, ... humanity or even in godliness. ... I understood that the new God would be in the relative {cultural relativism}. ... God ... should ... encompass the ... laughable and serious, human and inhuman? ...


Therefore ... Christ first had ... his Antichrist, his underworldly brother."

{That Christ’s twin-brother is the devil is a Bogomil doctrine.}

p. 244b

"I became aware of the birth of the God. ... the God sank into my heart ... by mockery and worship, by grief and laughter, by yes and no. ... He was born as a child from my own human soul, which had conceived him with resistance like a virgin.


Thus it corresponds to the image which the ancients have given us."

{as figured in, e.g., Kore’s initial resistance to Haides}

pp. 243-4 reach the dead

p. 243b

"I have ... preached ... to the deceased. ...


It was ... monkey business, ... Hell’s masquerade of the holiest mysteries.

{cf. the monkey-armies’ crossing of Rama-Setu}


How else could ... have saved his Antichrist? ... But this dead ["force and value"] can also change into serpents."

p. 243, fn. 136

"The Draft continues : "... they even say that Christ himself had been a serpent" (p. 83). Jung commented on this motif in 1950 in Aion, CW 9, 2, @291."

{"As Moseh lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so shall the Son of Man be lifted up".}

p. 243b

"These serpents will extinguish the prince of your days."

p. 244a

"the serpents will immediately put out the sun of your days, and a night with wonderful will-o’-the-wisps will come over you."

p. 245a apocalypse

"That will be a time of salvation ..., and the eternal fire, and redemption will descend. Then there will no longer be a hero ... . Because from that time henceforth all imitation is cursed. The new God ... forces men through himself. The God is his own follower in man. He imitates himself. ... But if God moves into the self, he snatches us from what is outside us, but single in relation to us. ... You arrive at him in yourself and only through your self seizing you. ... If we are in ourselves, then the space around us is free, but filled by the God. ... Therefore the spirit foretold to me that the cold of outer space will spread across the earth. [fn. 156 : "In Black Book 2 Jung noted : "with a gray beard and wearing an Oriental robe" (p. 231)."] With this me showed me ... that the God will step between men and drive every individual with the whip f icy cold to the warmth of his own monastic hearth. Because people were beside themselves, going into raptures like madmen."


C. G. Jung (edited by Sonu Shamdasani; translated from the German by Mark Kyburz, John Peck, & Sonu Shamdasani) : The Red Book : Liber Novus. PHILEMON SER, Foundation of the Works of C. G. Jung, Zu:rich. W. W. Norton & Co. Mondadori Printing, Verona.