Conscious Exploration of Dreaming

pp. 3-4, 6 history of literature on lucid dreaming




"The Dutch ... Frederik van Eeden is usually credited with coining the term "lucid dream" as one of the nine categories into which he divided his own dreaming experiences."


"in England, the occultist Hugh Calloway developed lucid dreaming abilities to experiment with his theories which he wrote about under the pen name of Oliver Fox.


The Russian philosopher P. D. Ouspensky likewise learned to bring awareness into his dreams, largely in order to observe how dream images evolved.


In 1968 parapsychologist Celia Green published the book Lucid Dreams, detailing some of the characteristics of such dreams ... . The book also compared lucid dreams to account of so-called "out-of-body experiences" (OBEs) ... .


Creative Dreaming by Patricia Garfield, first published in 1974, related concepts of dream control and lucidity ... . [cf. p. 6 : "Ibn El-Arabi’s endorsement of thought control during dreams."] ...


To support a doctoral thesis on the topic, in 1978 researcher and lucid dreamer Stephen LaBerge used a prearrange eye-movement patter to signal his awareness that he was dreaming in the sleep laboratory at Stanford University. ... other scientists ... replicated such results – notably Keith Hearne in England, with the help of the ... lucid dreamer Alan Worsley".


"In 1981 another researcher, Jayne Gackenbach, founded the Lucidity Association, which sponsored conferences and published a periodical called Lucidity Letter – later Lucidity ... . In this way interested people ... could communicate their ideas and efforts ..., until the periodical’s demise in 1993. ...


Stephen LaBerge began his own organization, the Lucidity Institute, several years later. The Institute started a newsletter, NightLight, published from 1989 through 1996. ... The Institute also printed directories of members who might want to contact others to share their experiences and thoughts".

pp. 8-9 mystical interpretations of lucid dreaming




"Those interest in OBEs ... may take the content of their OBEs quite literally, believing ... in an ethereal body ... traveling through astral realms."

"lucid dreamers ... may experiment with telepathy, precognition, remote viewing ... within lucid dreams, often coordinating their efforts with like-minded


dreamers. Individuals may choose to seek knowledge of ... past or parallel lives or to contact the dead. Some ... endeavors include attempts ... for world peace or the healing of the planet’s ... problems while dreaming."


"Some endeavor to visit other planets or galaxies, hoping to meet highly evolved aliens. Others wish to investigate spiritual realms, seeking to contact spirit guides or angelic hierarchies or ... turn their lucid dreams into shamanic journeys ... . Finally, there are those who choose to seek ... entering the "Light" or the "Void."" {The "Light / Void" is, or course, not (strictly speaking) a "dream", but is, instead, remembered experience of "dreamless sleep".}


"Some of the "Seth" material by ... Jane Roberts also touches on the subjects of lucid dreaming and OBEs."

p. 24 explanations of evil dreams

"Frederik van Eeden [a "psychiatrist" (p. 2)] himself had numerous lucid nightmares which he ... attributed to the machinations of demoniacal creatures."

{Because psychiatry and Christianity are themselves morbid and malicious, to be a member of a psychiatric or of a Christian practitioners’ association (such as a monastery) will naturally induce morbid and malicious dreams.}

"More recently, the Catholic monk known as Father "X," whose ... elaborations on his decades of conscious sleep experiences appeared ... in Lucidity Newsletter, had similar difficulties with morbid and malicious dream characters."

pp. 14, 30, 277 significance of protodreams;




"we would like to introduce the term protodreaming to describe the unformed phase between sleeping and waking".


"We could ... have tacitly lucid protodreams in which we took ourselves to be interacting with ghosts and other entities". {Dreams of meeting recognizable deities are common throughout the world. Whether acknowledging dream-beings as deities would qualify as a explicitly "lucid" or as a merely "tacitly lucid" dream would depend on the definition chosen.}


"Visions and reveries, sighting of bedside apparitions, and out-of-body sensations ... can now be seen as protodreams from the edge of sleep that form a continuum with lucid dreams in sleep." {This "continuum" may the "intermediate dimension" (of p. 253). The construction of this bridge-like continuum would allow native denizens of dream-realms to cross over into the material plane.}

pp. 16-17 reflections in dreams; colorless dream

p. 16

"our often surprising reflections in dreams ... through dream mirrors".

p. 17

"once observed a dream cityscape as colorless as a black and white movie".

pp. 56, 145 "blank spots" in dream


blank spots

{related phainomenon}


"a lack of guiding expectations can create black spots in lucid dreams."

{These may be similar to the "shadow in the sky" mentioned in traditional manuals of yoga as commonly visible to practitioners; it is said to be correlated with power of levitation. I have seen this sometimes as a dark blue patch in the sky (in the waking state; never in dreams, however).}


"Sometimes black spots – which almost always had a neutral color tone from white and gray to brown and black – occurred".

p. 115 dreaming in absence of dreambody : is awareness of being asleep possible?

"Steven LaBerge asserted ... that he never becomes lucid in dreams that he simply observes and that "participation seems a virtual requirement for lucid dreaming." [quoted from :- LaBerge : Lucid Dreaming. NY : Ballantine Books, 1986. p. 107] Yet we personally found ... involvement with the dream ... made little difference in terms of becoming lucid or maintaining lucidity. We could be just as lucid when we disembodied ... – perhaps more so".

{Actually, dreams involving lack of a dreambody are so extremely rare in adults (though entirely usual for young children) that little opportunity for testing this hypothesis can arise. I can recall only one such dream; in it I was observing the ocean from above, which may be a sort of simulacrum for the luminous ocean of consciousness visible in dreamless sleep. In simulacrum-type dreaming, awareness of dreaming can hardly emerge.}

pp. 144 artificial lighting during dream

"Many lucid dreamers report generally finding it impossible to enhance the lighting level in a room ... by means of dream lamps. These frustratingly stay unlit, flicker, or come on only dimly – an effect Keith Hearne called the "light-switch" phenomenon." [reference :- Gackenbach & LaBerge (ed.s) : Conscious Mind, Sleeping Brain. NY, 1988. pp. 336-7]

"Stephen LaBerge set out to test this factor using NightLight subscribers as his subjects."

pp. 145, 275-276 effects of closing one’s dream-eyelids


shut dream-eyen

{seeing darkness}


"Closing her eyes while dreaming also sent her back to the protodream level with the accompanying visions, voices, sensations".

{I merely saw darkness (similar to what one would seen when closing one’s eyen while awake) when I closed my eyen deliberately during a dream.}


"Ouspensky did report having nonlucid nightmares of blindness, when he eventually concluded had resulted from ... shut eyes."

pp. 147, 280 electric nerve-impulses in one’s waking-world body during dream


waking-world body


"Laboratory equipment has verified ... showing electrical activity in the relevant muscles when a trained lucid subject makes deliberate movements with the dream body. For instance, Stephen LaBerge could spell out ... Morse code while lucid by clenching his dream fists, the impulses from his real hands being sufficient to register on an electromyograph (EMG) device.""


"Stephen LaBerge announced that he had begun to work on a computerized glove containing sensors to pick up the fine movements of the physical hand corresponding to gestures made with the dream hand. Such a device would enable subjects to communicate directly from their lucid dreams with ... signals".

pp. 148-149 writing in dreams

p. 148

"Dream print may be indecipherable ... . ... Carl Sagan, who found dream text impossible to register".

{I commonly read books in dreams. They are always mystical lore. If atheistical dreamers find it impossible to read meaningfully, that is simply their punishment, inflicted by the divine dream-world on an attempt to apprise them of their folly.}

p. 149

"also had trouble with the verbal task of attempting to write words, particularly at length."

{I commonly type at my computer in dreams; always typing about divine matters, such as names and activities of deities. Inability by atheistical dreamers write is a incipient punishment inflicted on them by the divine dream-world.}

pp. 252-253 mediaeval advice concerning lucid dreaming




"The Tibetan Buddhist scheme ... uses lucid dreaming to reach ... lucid dying".


"Ibn El-Arabi, a thirteenth-century master ..., recommended the exercise of controlling one’s thoughts in dreams. He said this would produce "awareness of the intermediate dimension," which he considered greatly beneficial." {The "controlling one’s thoughts" would mean restraining them by appropriate ethics; cf. the Yama-s ‘restraints’ in Yoga philosophy (Y&N; FY).}

Y&N =

FY =

pp. 262, 266-267 assistance by waking-world dream-guide; attaining divine status in the dream-world; dream-specific personality

p. 262

"Scott Sparrow, a ... dream researcher, has also published a warning regarding ... dreaming lucidly without a spiritual guide. Apparently, Tibetan sources advise against attempting dream yoga unaided because of the risk of awakening ... "kundalini"".

{"The mouth of the kundalini serpent faces downward" (RTP, p. 97) : she is wife of god Svayambhu, "with His Head downwards. He is ... a whirlpool." (S.CN 9) This is the "whirlpool of vast energy and sound" generating "dreamless sleep" (DR, p. 477).}

p. 266

"LaBerge reports the case of one individual who took his power ... to the status of god in the dream world, such that one of his characters eventually reminded him that he was as unreal as them."

{Apparently, this individual had been addicted to the bad habit of designating the divine dream-world, its contents and denizens, as "unreal"; absurdly describing himself as a deity relative to them (though actually, he was a mere mortal, and they were not). If he had been properly humble enough to call them deities, and himself a mere mortal servitor of theirs; then they would not have been obliged to render such a rebuke to him. Such gratuitous arrogance on the part of mortals usually derives from obstinate atheism.}

p. 267

dream-specific personality : "Accomplished lucid dreamers who sustain virtual dream lives apart from their waking ones might end up developing strong, recurrent DSPs with attitudes and inclinations counter to their waking personalities."

{Such "attitudes and inclinations counter to their waking personalities" might possibly be a matter of religious hypocrisy, a potentially serious offense from a divine point-of-view.}

RTP = Rod David : Reaching True Peace. Fern Haven Pr, Olympia, 2005.

S.CN = Ni-rupan.a.

DR = Anthony Shafton : Dream Reader : Contemporary Approaches to the Study of Dreams. Albany : State University of New York Press, 1995.

pp. 277, 280 manifestations of sleep-paralysis




"David Hufford has postulated that the sleep paralysis nightmare is the basis is the basis of ... vampires, incubi, witches and other supernatural beings assailing sleepers. [reference : TCN] A thorough study of the nature of hypnogogic ... fact ... projected into the external environment, would go a long ways toward explaining ... encounters with ghosts, fairies, and aliens. ... Parapsychologists could approach waking, near-death and other out-of-body experiences from the same standpoint as dream OBEs, as resulting from ... advanced psychic capacity."


"Narcoleptics, like many lucid dreamers, commonly suffer from sleep paralysis and vivid hynogogic hallucinations, and enter the REM state directly from waking during their attacks."

TCN = David J. Hufford : The Terror That Comes in the Night. U of PA Pr, 1982.

Janice E. Brooks & Jay A. Vogelsong : Conscious Exploration of Dreaming. 1999.

{The title Conscious Exploration of Dreaming is misguided, since the dreamer is always conscious anyway, whether aware of being in a dream or not. A better title (than "conscious ...") for a book about awareness of being in a dream would be something like "intentional ..." or "deliberate ...", or, still better, "dream-aware ...".}